The successful release of Przewalski horse into the “Preduralskaya step”, the fifth site of the governmental nature reserve “Orenburgskiy”, is shown as one of directions of the OrenburgskayaTarpania project development. This project has its own history and was planned as a much more versatile project of social and ecological rehabilitation of steppe. The role played in each stage of the project by the Institute of Steppe of the Ural Branch of RAS, the Russian Geographical Society, and public organizations is shown. Prospects of the project under new current conditions are examined.Keywords: Center for wild steppe animals raising, governmental nature reserve “Orenburgskiy”, Institute of Steppe of the Ural Branch of RAS, Orenburgskaya Tarpania, Przewalski horse, Russian Geographical Society
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